Morgan Freeman Is Offering To Prank Call Your Pals for Charity

Morgan Freeman Prank Call
(Omaze)

He has the smoothest narration voice of all time, and now you can use that voice for evil (mild evil, let’s not get crazy). Morgan Freeman is giving away a chance to use him to prank call your friends. The distinguished actor with the voice of a wizened angel, 83-year-old Morgan Freeman is partnering with Omaze to give away the chance for some hijinks with one lucky fan.

The winner will get a video call from Freeman, who will team up with them to prank call some family and friends. He will even record your voicemail message too. And why would he do all of this, besides being awesome? He’s raising money for a pair of charities, including one that focuses on early childhood education.


“Support a great cause and I’m giving you a chance to prank your friends or family members from me,” Freeman said in the contest announcement video. What does a prank from Morgan Freeman sound like? He gives an example:

“Hello Rupert, this is Morgan Freeman and I have one thing to say about your musical stylings. Boo, you stink pal….That’s just one option.”

OK, so it’s clear Freeman will need some help when it comes to writing slash pranking, as “boo, you stink pal” may not be the gravitas you were expecting from a Morgan Freeman prank call. But still, he seems pretty open to collaboration here, so you can use your deep knowledge and history with your friends to really hit em where it hurts.

To win, you can sign up at omaze.com/morgan. For only $2 you get 20 entries. You have until April to get it done. The site calls it your “Shawprank Redemption”, which, again indicates the need for a little edge and juicing.

This is also the point where we recognize Freeman is a dang OSCAR WINNING, LEGENDARY ACTOR. He doesn’t need to do this, so it’s cool he’s game to mess with people for a good cause. Everyone wins, except for the family member that ends up thinking Morgan Freeman personally hates them.

Son “Fixes” Family Photo as a Gift for His Dad and Now It’s a Work of Art

Son hilariously fixes family photo for his dad
(TikTok/kylescheele)

There’s an entire website dedicated to the hilarity of “Awkward Family Photos,” and in a series of videos, TikTok user kylescheele reminds us why we love them so dang much. For some reason, traditional family photos are often bizarre. From strange coordinated outfits to poses that look so unnatural they may as well be aliens doing their best human impressions, there’s no shortage of things that can go wrong. But after staring at the same family photo for decades, Kyle decided to make some changes.

In part one of Kyle’s TikTok, he gives some background on the photo in question. In the scope of things, the picture isn’t horrible. In fact, it would have been a pretty acceptable family photo aside from one small problem. Even though it’s been hanging in his house for decades, Kyle’s dad hates that freaking picture (understandably).

Kyle explains, “for no discernable reason, the photographer had only my dad tilt his head, but my dad didn’t know that until after the photo was already developed.”

Maybe a small head tilt doesn’t sound like something that would ruin a photo, but uh, it definitely ruined the photo. In a picture full of family members looking straight forward, plopped in the middle is Kyle’s dad, staring crookedly at the camera.

The photo has been hanging in the same spot for roughly three decades thanks to Kyle’s mom who unironically loves it. But as a gift to his dad, Kyle decided to put his Photoshop skills to use and fix the photo once and for all.

In a stroke of absolute genius, Kyle decided to not only to straighten his dad’s face in the photo but to tilt the faces of everyone else in the picture. He orders a large, framed copy of the new and improved family photo, and even though he’s seen it before, he is thoroughly tickled when he opens the box.

@kylescheeleThis is the best gift idea I’ve ever had. ##greenscreen ##photoshop ##christmas ##gift ##family ##familypictures ##funny♬ original sound – kylescheele

Finally, it’s time for part two. The moment of truth. Without cracking a smile, Kyle hands his dad the wrapped work of art. As his dad begins to pull back the paper, a smile spreads across his face. He turns the photo to Kyle’s mom, and as soon as she processes exactly what her brilliant son did, she bursts into uncontrollable laughter.

The new picture transcends the category of “family photo” and is now more accurately a work of art, one that will hopefully hang in the family’s house for decades to come. Legend has it that if you hold your ear to your own awkward family photo, you can still hear Kyle’s mom laughing to this day.

@kylescheeleI’ll put my mom’s laugh against yours any day. ##photoshop ##dadlean ##christmas ##gift ##part2♬ original sound – kylescheele

Spend Less Time Prepping and More Time Relaxing With This Canned Christmas Dinner

Christmas Tinner
(Game.co.uk)

Whether it’s a normal holiday surrounded by family or a quarantine holiday surrounded by your best animals and house plants, one thing is certain: the worst part of any festivity is all the preparation. Spending your precious time off chopping and mixing and cooking is far from the relaxing holiday break you deserve, and cooking is only one item on your seemingly endless to-do list.

Most days, but especially around the holidays, we would kill for a Back to the Future Hydrator that essentially poofs freshly-baked food out of nowhere (which should be a reality at this point, given that the “future” part of the movie was in fact 2015). But alas, there is no magic food machine, unless you count the car that shows up with your Uber Eats order. Fortunately, for the lazy and the overwhelmed who still want to deliver a full holiday meal, there’s the Christmas Tinner.

The Christmas Tinner is exactly what it sounds like – a nine-layer traditional Christmas dinner, all in a no-prep easy-to-eat tin (don’t eat the tin). The layers are apparently so tightly-packed that they don’t mix in the can, so if you slice it horizontally, you can almost sort of turn this thing into a nine-course meal. Pick a few leaves off the nearest bush to make it look like you’ve even got garnish.

The layers are as follows: Scrambled eggs and bacon (perhaps this is Christmas day breakfast?), two mince pies, turkey and potatoes, gravy, bread sauce (??), cranberry sauce, some sort of green vegetable with stuffing, roast carrots and parsnips, and finally, Christmas pudding.

Now, we have good news and bad news. The bad news is that this Christmas Tinner first emerged in 2013 and quickly went viral due to its, well, everything. In a devastating blow to lazy folks everywhere, the tinner turned out to be a hoax designed by a British art director named Chris Godfrey. However, good news, the GAME website states that the Tinner is a reality, and due to its popularity, vegetarian and vegan options are now available (because if something already looks a little questionable, why not add tofu). Alternate good news, if it’s a hoax, you don’t have to eat it.

 

View this post on Instagram

 

A post shared by FoodChain Magazine (@foodchainmag)

It may very well be a publicity stunt geared towards gamers who can’t be bothered to pause and cook a Christmas dinner, but because everyone needs something to believe in around the holidays (and Santa was already ruined for us), we’re going to choose to believe in the Christmas Tinner. Watch the video below to see a supposed taste test, scour the internet for Tinners that aren’t yet sold out, or heck, make your own.

Teacher Pretends To Fart During Online Class, Students’ Reactions Are Priceless

Teacher Pretends to Fart, students reactions are priceless
(Facebook/Emma Ginder)

For both teachers and students, remote learning is full of challenges, and many teachers are working (even more than usual) overtime to make their lessons successful. Despite the increased workload and stress of simply surviving during a pandemic, many teachers are going above and beyond to increase their students’ engagement and decrease their stress. The goal is to keep students excited about coming to class and learning each day, but as 3rd-grade teacher Emma Ginder demonstrated, the possible ways of achieving that goal are nearly endless.

During a Zoom lesson with her students, Ginder took full advantage of the technology at her fingertips to have some fun at her own expense. Jokes can be hit and miss, but one thing that’s always funny is potty humor. We can pretend that we’re “adults” now, but movies like Step Brothers remind us that farts will never stop being hilarious – in case you forgot, John C Reilly let out an impressive 13-second-long fart during an interview scene, making this movie at least .2% fart – yes I did the math. See? Farts help you learn.

Well, Ginder got the fart memo. In the middle of a lesson with her 3rd graders, she played an unmistakable fart sound. If that wasn’t enough, she really freaking sold it by looking both surprised and embarrassed, before starting to laugh somewhat uncomfortably.

“What was that?” one student asked. “WHAT WAS THAT?!” echoed a second student, already breaking down in the most adorable, hysterical laughter we’ve ever heard. “She farted,” said a third absolutely delighted student.

Ginder shared the footage on Facebook, thrilled that her perfectly-executed plan actually worked. She captioned the video, “Some days you just have to play a toot sound during class to lighten the mood. Way too good not to share. Also, I apologize for having the maturity of an 8 year old boy.”

During a time when everything is significantly harder than usual, finding ways to laugh is increasingly important. Ginder was willing to take one for the team, making herself the butt of the joke (or, you know, making her butt the butt of the joke). Though it probably took a few minutes to get her students back on task, those few minutes were sacrificed for a worthy cause.

Ginder absolutely made her students’ days, and knowing kids, they’ll be telling everyone they encounter about this for weeks to come, reliving the complete and utter delight every single time. If we’ve learned anything here, it’s that achieving success often means you have to take unconventional routes. Sometimes, you just need to be a self-farter – uh, a self-starter.

Dad’s Next-Level Responses To “Is the Baby Ok?” Are Both Brilliant and Hilarious

Dad Answers "is the baby ok?" in a hilarious way
(Instagram/onadventurewithdad)

Becoming a parent can make even the most rational people develop a laundry list of irrational fears. This helpless human is entirely your responsibility, making even the most mundane decisions inexplicably stressful. Sometimes this new-parent paranoia (parent-noia?) happens in both parents, but when one parent manages to keep their cool, occasionally, hilarity ensues.

Kenny Deuss from Antwerp, Belgium is the father of nearly 2-year-old Alix. When Alix was younger, Kenny’s girlfriend had just a touch of parent-noia – as a new dad, Kenny took on the all-important dad responsibility of providing levity (at somewhat inopportune times).

Any time Kenny and Alix were hanging out alone, Kenny’s girlfriend would frequently check-in. “Is the baby ok?” became a question Kenny heard all too many times, so he decided to provide some unorthodox answers. Rather than a simple “yeah” or “everything’s fine,” Kenny sent his girlfriend photoshopped images demonstrating quite the opposite.

This talented dad sent his girlfriend pictures of Alix photoshopped into all sorts of questionable situations, I assume, to prove that he had things so under control that he had time to do some top-tier editing.

Soon, any time Kenny’s girlfriend asked, “Is the baby ok?” she was met with this,

Or this

Or even this.

Kenny began posting his photos on Instagram, and unsurprisingly, he’s accumulated nearly 50,000 followers after posting just 46 hilarious photos. Kenny’s pictures are brilliant, of course, but they also speak to the part of our brains that takes us on a tour of “The Worst Things That Could Possibly Happen” any time we get a bit nervous.

Seeing the absurdity of some of our fears laid out reminds us to stay grounded in reality. And, of course, it reminds us that it’s ok to take a break every once in a while – after all, we aren’t parenting alone. Yes, you too single parents. It really does take a village to raise a kid, and nobody expects you to do everything. Even when someone else is watching them, as Kenny kindly demonstrates (sort of), the baby will be just fine.

Dad Returns Snarky Birthday Card to Son 28 Years Later

Dad Returns Birthday Card After Decades
(Twitter/robwitts)

Birthdays are the universal equalizer. No matter who you are, where you’re from – everyone in the world gets older each year – even the Terminator. And birthdays are often a time for celebration, even amid a pandemic. For one UK dad, his son’s 42nd birthday was an opportunity for a little bit of justice.

It all started when Rob Witts was just 14 years old. To celebrate his dad’s 42nd birthday, Rob hand-made a card that was equal parts thoughtful and snarky. The front of the card featured a smiling cartoon with the words, “Hey everybody! He’s 42! Of course,” while the inside of the card read, “…We won’t draw attention to it, will we?”

As most kids do, Rob proudly presented the card to his dad and immediately forgot about it. That is, until his own 42nd birthday. Now a father of three himself, Rob received an envelope in the mail from his parents. Inside was a beautiful card from Rob’s mom, some pictures from his childhood, and the same 42nd birthday card he had given to his father decades earlier.

A brand new note written inside of the card read, “I guess if you wait long enough, what goes round comes round!” Rob’s dad had also corrected the names, so the greeting now read “Happy 42nd Birthday Dad Rob! From Robbie Dad.”

Though the card itself was a surprise, the hilarity was not. Rob told The Dad, “He is a really caring and considerate man, and we share a sarcastic sense of humour – lots of bad puns and so forth,” he said. “This act was entirely in-keeping with my dad’s sense of humour.”

Rob now lives about four hours away from his parents, and since the pandemic, their in-person contact has unfortunately been limited. However, It would take far more than a pandemic to keep Rob’s dad from making his birthday a memorable one. The photo of the decades-old birthday card along with the story have gone viral on Twitter, accumulating over 100,000 likes in over a week.

Many speculated that Rob’s dad had spent the past 28 years carefully plotting his revenge, but Rob offered a far more innocent but equally excellent explanation. “He and my mum had been looking in their attic for photos of my sister and me at the same age that our kids are now,” Rob said. “The card had been in one of the boxes, and he saw an opportunity! So it was clever opportunism and luck rather than determined planning, and I think I’m relieved to know that.”

Maybe what Rob’s dad meant when he said “what goes round comes round” had nothing to do with justice at all – maybe it was really about the touching things family members do to show how much they love each other. Whether it’s taking the time to hand-make a card for your dad, or caring enough to hold onto it nearly 30 years later.

Wife’s Prank On Her Husband Turns Into World-Wide Photoshop Battle

Wife's Prank On Husband Turns to Photoshop Battle
(Facebook/Sharea Overman)

Becoming a dad means suddenly possessing a very specific set of skills. There’s the ability to grill anything at the drop of a hat, the nearly-uncontrollable affinity for lawn mowers, and the baffling mastery of falling asleep anywhere in under a minute in a half. While Nate Overman wasn’t actually asleep in the driver’s seat on a family road trip, he sure looked the part – so his wife decided to pull a picture-perfect prank that has captured the imagination of photoshop masters around the world.

Sharea and Nate Overman along with their three young boys were driving to visit family when Sharea noticed her husband looked a little too comfy in the driver’s seat. Nate, probably enjoying a few hours without running after his kids, was leaning back peacefully in his seat with his head tilted slightly back. Because of his sunglasses, it’s impossible to tell that he’s fully awake – but given that the family of five made it safely to their destination, we’ll take their word for it. After realizing that her husband looked like he was fully passed out in the driver’s seat, Sharea, a part-time photographer, had an idea.

“I’m a part of this group of incredibly talented photographers on Facebook,” Sharea told CNN. “So, I decided to post the photo and asked people to photoshop some fun backgrounds into the photo. To make it look like he fell asleep while all these crazy things were going on.”

While the couple was still in transit, Sharea’s Facebook group more than delivered. Photo after photo popped up in the comments, each more ridiculous than the last. Before they even reached their family’s town, Sharea told her husband what she’d done with his picture (partly because she was no longer able to hide her laughter). Nate was a good sport, entertained by the creativity of the community of photographers. By the time they reached their family, the pair had more or less forgotten about the photo. A few days later though, Sharea realized that the photo had spread far beyond her Facebook group.

“I started getting messages from people in South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Alaska… sending me their photoshopped images of my husband,” Sharea said. “There are people who have broken down and told us just how hard this year has been for them and that this is the first time they’ve been able to have a really good laugh at something.”

A Facebook user was nice enough to put together some of her favorite submissions from the private group, so click here to enjoy some much-needed laughs.

NASA Dads Killed Time After SpaceX Splashdown by Making Prank Calls

NASA Dads Kill Time After SpaceX Splashdown by Making Prank Calls
(YouTube/AmericaSpace Twitter/Enterprise_Flt)

Imagine you’ve spent the last two months in space. You made history by being the first astronaut to travel to the International Space Station in a commercially-built spacecraft, and you’re finally back on Earth counting down the seconds until you can see your family. You’re bobbing up and down in the Gulf of Mexico after a successful splashdown, and the only thing left for you to do is kill time while the crew inspects your capsule. What do you do with that time? This was a question astronauts Robert L. Behnken and Douglas G. Hurley faced on Sunday as they became the first astronauts to travel to the International Space Station and back on SpaceX’s Crew Dragon Capsule. The choice was pretty easy for these dads – may as well make some prank calls.

During a Houston welcome-home ceremony, Hurley recalled, “Five hours ago, we were in a spaceship, bobbing around, making prank satellite phone calls to whoever we could get ahold of. Which was kind of fun, by the way,”

You don’t have to take Hurley’s word for it. Several people who were on the receiving end of the pair’s prank calls stepped forward to back his story. One of those people was Anthony Vareha, NASA’s 91st flight director. He stated on Twitter, “I received one of these calls at the flight director console. It started with an opening line like ‘Hi it’s Doug and Bob and we’re in the ocean.’ I think my response was ‘Yeah, I can see that.’”

Megan McArthur, a NASA astronaut, and Behnken’s wife was another recipient of the unexpected phone call. She stated, “On my phone it said ‘Spam Risk’. Glad I answered anyway!” which is pretty unfair, considering how many times I’ve answered a “spam risk” call and never once has it been from an astronaut.

After nine weeks in space, these NASA dads fully deserved to blow off some steam. Apparently, prank calls truly are the universal time-wasters. Next time you’re about to send a “spam risk” call to voicemail, maybe do a quick check to see what the people at NASA are up to that day.

Costumed Dad Won’t Stop Photobombing Wife’s Conference Calls

(Linkedin / Cara Fields)

As more and more folks familiarize themselves with the ins, outs, ups, downs, loves, and hates that come with working from home, many have elected to get creative with their Zoom backgrounds.

They’re the standing desks of 2020.

In the case of Cara Fields, amusing backdrops are no matter of choice. In recent weeks, her husband, Matt, has begun making routine cameos in the background of her conference calls.

Once as a cowboy.

(Linkedin / Cara Fields)

Then again as Batman.

(Linkedin / Cara Fields)

And then again as a Power Ranger.

(Linkedin / Cara Fields)

One time he tried blending in…

(Linkedin / Cara Fields)

But eventually, everyone found him.

(Linkedin / Cara Fields)

The WFH antics are only gonna get better from here, gang.

We wish the best to Cara, Matt, and whatever rebel kept open their Halloween store.

Sports Commentator Narrates His Girlfriend’s Rough Hangover

Hangover Narration
(Twitter/TobyOsborne1)

This man must feel very confident in the longevity of his relationship. Toby Osborne, who commentates for Bristol City football, has used his skills to give a play-by-play analysis of what appears to be the worst hangover his girlfriend has ever had.

Imagine having a camera thrust in your face as you struggle to stay alive the morning after heavy drinking. You’re too sick and weak to say/do anything so you just have to take it. It sounds like the audio was added afterward which may have actually saved this relationship.

In the recap, Toby mimics an actual football (the soccer kind) commentator as he takes us through a detailed “game” of this poor woman’s hangover. Things start off slow, as they do, and she even tries to get something down, as we do, only to throw it all up midway through the day. But, as the day carries on, she makes a turn for the better and even ends up cooking dinner in the end.

There is something so on-point to not only Toby’s commentary but the steps we all go through on days like this. We all wish we could get that Coke down too soon and the day just turns into a complete waiting game. Cheers to Toby for testing the limits of his love. We hope she was able to laugh about it the next day.

Woman Pranks Parents by Slowly Replacing Photos With Crayon-Drawings

Family Photos Become Crayon Drawings
(Facebook / Kristen Vogler)

After countless weeks of quarantine, chances are you’ve grown weary of your living quarters, and are actively seeking ways to break free from its monotony. Sure, you could paint an accent wall, shuffle some furniture, put a succulent on the window sill. You could even stick your dad’s belongings to the ceiling to see how long it will take him to notice. The living room is your oyster.

Or, in the case of graphic designer Kristen Vogler, you could sneakily replace all the family photos with terrible crayon drawings.

“Sneaking these masterpieces up was not easy,” Kristen wrote in a Facebook post. “I had to hide in the bathroom clutching the frames multiple times.”

Sure enough, over the course of 12 days, she swapped them out one by one. Her commitment to the bit is impressive, to say the least.

“The beginning, just a normal photo wall of memories.”

(Facebook / Kristen Vogler)

“Day 1. The first crayon drawing is placed, bets were made on how many photos and how long it would take them to notice.”

(Facebook / Kristen Vogler)

“Day 2. After FaceTiming with my grandparents (the subjects of my first crayon replica) for an hour near this wall, I decided to add another piece while my parents took a walk.”

(Facebook / Kristen Vogler)

“Day 3. Up to three crayon artworks now and still not even a glance. That door on the left? It’s used multiple times a day.”

(Facebook / Kristen Vogler)

“Day 4. Thought I would get caught today. I had been posting on Twitter about my progress and my mom chose today to try to start a twitter account to talk to John Krasinski about Some Good News but luckily her account was locked.”

(Facebook / Kristen Vogler)

“Day 5. At this point it was getting harder to pick photos I thought weren’t noticeable plus I felt like I smelled like crayons constantly.”

(Facebook / Kristen Vogler)

“Day 6. After getting a ton of rain for days I was needing to get sneakier to be able to add these to the wall. I think today I convinced my mom to go for a run before it rained haha.”

(Facebook / Kristen Vogler)

“Day 7. Today was a twofer with these classic Christmas photos. At this point I was starting to think I should have guessed based on weeks and not days for how long it would take them to notice.”

(Facebook / Kristen Vogler)

“Day 8. I legit did not think I would get this far, but here we are.”

(Facebook / Kristen Vogler)

“Day 9. Only three left to go before my work is complete. I should probably take a moment to apologize to my art teachers. You tried really hard to teach me to draw people, and this is what I’ve done.”

(Facebook / Kristen Vogler)

“Day 10. Happy Easter. My mom was nice enough to hide Easter eggs for me, in return I did this to the photo of her first born.”

(Facebook / Kristen Vogler)

“Day 11. I almost got caught hanging this one up. Had to hide in the bathroom but they still didn’t notice.”

(Facebook / Kristen Vogler)

Kristen’s mom and dad caught on to her shenanigans by day 11, unfortunately. But thankfully she caught the moment on video.

“Day 11 – 7 hours later. I heard the initial “wait… what” and went running over in time to capture this moment. I like to think they noticed because I replaced my senior photo and of course they look at the picture of their favorite daughter the most right?”

She was too deep to give up now. On day 12, she finished the job.

“Day 12. I needed closure, Kerri wanted to be included.”

(Facebook / Kristen Vogler)

Pranks don’t get much more wholesome than this. Bravo.

We applaud Kristen for the strides she’s made in interior decorating, and wish her and her crayon family the best in health and sanity.

Click here to check out her Facebook page for Kristen Vogler Design!

Shaq “Grows Out” Hair After Losing Bet to Dwyane Wade

Shaq Grows Hair After Losing Bet
(Twitter/SportsCenter/NBAonTNT)

The best wagers made between friends always involve something more damaging than the transaction of funds. A good bet between friends has to involve some level of humiliation, and that is the explanation for why Shaq appeared on his NBA show looking like you’ve never seen him before.

Shaq lost a bet to Dwyane Wade on a prediction of how the Milwaukee v. Miami game would pan out. Shaq saw the Bucks winning in a blowout. Wade saw the Heat prevailing. The latter was right. And the result? Shaq, the notoriously shaved-headed giant, had to let his hairline grow out.

“Let’s just get it out of the way, America,” Shaq said during the show. “I had a bet against one of my good friends, D-Wade, Milwaukee versus the Heat. I said Milwaukee was gonna win by 20 and the Heat won. I said, ‘Well, what do you want me to do, pay you?’ He said, ‘Nah, you gotta let your hairline grow.’ ”

I think Shaq knows how ridiculous he looks, which is why he invited the hardest, cruelest comments possible on his Instagram post (which, honestly, would’ve happened anyway even without the incentive).

 

View this post on Instagram

 

Love you @therealmikeepps

A post shared by DR. SHAQUILLE O’NEAL Ed.D. (@shaq) on

And this is the type of NBA content we can all enjoy (unless your hairline is, in fact, worse than Shaq’s).

Employee Weaponizes Holiday Cheer by Gift-Wrapping Boss’s Entire Office

(Twitter / jothornely)

Look, I can hold my own when it comes to wrapping Christmas presents but I’m not one of those people who can make frickin’ works of art with one measly piece of colored paper and some tape. You know the ones – they can wrap anything, no matter the size, shape, or consistency. Usually, such powers are used for good. Other times, though, they are utilized for some top-notch holiday shenanigans.

Jo Thornly—Sydney-based author, podcast host, and self-proclaimed spelling bee champion—decided to festively decorate her superior’s office with wrapping paper.

And we’re talking the entire office, folks.

Thornly’s boss had taken the day off, something the malevolent gift-wrapper says they “might never do again.”

Just about every surface is tastefully covered in festive, Santa-covered paper—chairs, books, the phone, even the computer. It’s so intricate and thorough, it rivals the original source material (without the additional prank, as far as we know).

People on Twitter were quick to support Thornly’s truly “gifted” pranking skills as well as desperately hoping to see her boss’s response:

No word yet on the response from Thornly’s boss, but if she gets fired, I got dibs on hiring her as my professional gift wrapper.